Agra Red Fort
Agra Fort is a UNESCO World Heritage site located in Agra, India. The fort is
also known as Lal Qila, Fort Rouge and Red Fort of Agra. It is about 2.5 km
northwest of its much more famous sister monument, the Taj Mahal. The fort can
be more accurately described as a walled palatial city.
Agra Fort built by Akbar in Red Sandstone when he was through with the
consolidation of his power after accession to power in 1654, Agra Fort worked
both as a military strategic point as well as the royal residence.
. Ever since Babur defeated and killed Ibrahin Lodi at Panipat in 1526, Agra
played an important center of Mughal Empire it was in a ruined condition and
Akbar decided to make it his capital and arrived in Agra in 1558 Akbar had it
rebuilt with red sandstone. Architects laid the foundation and it was built with
bricks in the inner core with sandstone on external surfaces. Some 1,444,000
builders worked on it for eight years, completing it in 1573.
At the end of his life, his son, Aurangzeb, in the fort, a punishment that might
not seem so harsh, considering the luxury of the fort, imprisoned Shah Jahan. It
is rumored that Shah Jahan died in Muasamman Burj, a tower with a marble balcony
with an excellent view of the Taj Mahal.
The fort contains splendid palaces both in red sandstone and white marble built
by two generations of prolific builders Akbar and later Jehangir and Shahjahan.
Of the nearly 500 Akbari buildings built in the Bengal and Gujarati traditions
only a few have survived, arrayed in a band on the riverfront.
Some of the exquisite structures that deserve a mention are:
Sheesh Mahal - Literally meaning 'Glass Palace' it was the royal dressing room
adorned by tiny mirror-like glass-mosaic decorations on the walls.
The Diwan-i-Am - Which was used as a communications ground between the public and
the aristocracy and once housed the Peacock Throne.
Diwan-i-Khas - A hall of private audience, it was used to welcome kings and
The Anguri Bagh - It houses 85 square, geometrically arranged lush gardens.
Khas Mahal - An immaculate white marble palace.
Mina Masjid - Literally meaning 'Heavenly Mosque' it is a tiny mosque closed to
Nagina Masjid - Literally meaning 'Gem Mosque' it was designed exclusively for
the ladies of the court.
Musamman Burj - A large, octagonal tower with a balcony facing the Taj Mahal.
Open from sunrise to sunset
Entrance Fee: Foreigners: Rs 520/-
Indians: INR Rs 20/-
Open on all Days
More information | Photo Gallery |
Monuments | Agra Fort |
Fatehpur Sikri | Sikandara |
Itmad Ud Daulah | Lesser known